Throughput vs. Latency: QoS-centric Resource Allocation for Multi-User Millimeter Wave Systems
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Millimeter wave (mm-wave) communication is a topic of intensive recent study, as it allows to significantly boost data rates of future 5G networks. In this paper, we focus on a mm-wave system consisting of a single Access Point (AP) and two User Equipments (UEs), where one UE requires high throughput, while the other is characterized by a low latency demand. Given that setup, we aim at optimally allocating the available AP hardware resources for the beam training phase and data communication, in order to efficiently serve both UEs via hybrid analog-digital beamforming. We evaluate an optimization framework with the objective to maximize the expected rate of one UE, for a given latency constraint set by the other UE. The optimal data rates are illustrated for different latency constraints and for different strategies of exploiting the full RF chain set at the AP side. We observe that our proposed access schemes outperform the basic TDMA approach by up to 22%.