Monitoring in fog computing: state-of-the-art and research challenges
Fog computing has rapidly become a widely accepted computing paradigm to mitigate cloud computing-based infrastructure limitations such as scarcity of bandwidth, large latency, security, and privacy issues. Fog computing resources and applications dynamically vary at run-time, and they are highly distributed, mobile, and appear-disappear rapidly at any time over the internet. Therefore, to ensure the quality of service and experience for end-users, it is necessary to comply with a comprehensive monitoring approach. However, the volatility and dynamism characteristics of fog resources make the monitoring design complex and cumbersome. The aim of this article is therefore three-fold: 1) to analyse fog computing-based infrastructures and existing monitoring solutions; 2) to highlight the main requirements and challenges based on a taxonomy; 3) to identify open issues and potential future research directions.