pDCell: an End-to-End Transport Protocol for Mobile Edge Computing Architectures
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To deal with increasingly demanding services and the rapid growth in number of devices and traffic, 5G and beyond mobile networks need to provide extreme capacity and peak data rates at very low latencies. Consequently, applications and services need to move closer to the users into so-called edge data centers. At the same time, there is a trend to virtualize core and radio access network functionalities and bring them to edge data centers as well. However, as is known from conventional data centers, legacy transport protocols such as TCP are vastly suboptimal in such a setting. In this work, we present pDCell, a transport design for mobile edge computing architectures that extends data center transport approaches to the mobile network domain. Specifically, pDCell ensures that data traffic from application servers arrives at virtual radio functions (i.e., C-RAN Central Units) timely to (i) minimize queuing delays and (ii) to maximize cellular network utilization. We show that pDCell significantly improves flow completion times compared to conventional transport protocols like TCP and data center transport solutions, and is thus an essential component for future mobile networks.