Offloading Algorithms for Maximizing Inference Accuracy on Edge Device Under a Time Constraint
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With the emergence of edge computing, the problem of offloading jobs between an Edge Device (ED) and an Edge Server (ES) received significant attention in the past. Motivated by the fact that an increasing number of applications are using Machine Learning (ML) inference, we study the problem of offloading inference jobs by considering the following novel aspects: 1) in contrast to a typical computational job, the processing time of an inference job depends on the size of the ML model, and 2) recently proposed Deep Neural Networks (DNNs) for resource-constrained devices provide the choice of scaling the model size. We formulate an assignment problem with the aim of maximizing the total inference accuracy of n data samples available at the ED, subject to a time constraint T on the makespan. We propose an approximation algorithm AMR2, and prove that it results in a makespan at most 2T, and achieves a total accuracy that is lower by a small constant from optimal total accuracy. As proof of concept, we implemented AMR2 on a Raspberry Pi, equipped with MobileNet, and is connected to a server equipped with ResNet, and studied the total accuracy and makespan performance of AMR2 for image classification application.