CROWD: An SDN Approach for DenseNets
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Traffic demands in mobile networks are expected to grow substantially in the next years, both in terms of total traffic volume and of bit-rate required by individual users. It is generally agreed that the only possible solution to overcome the current limitations is to deploy very dense and heterogeneous wireless networks, which we call DenseNets. However, simply scaling down existing networks by orders of magnitude, as required to fulfill traffic forecasts, is not possible because of the following constraints: i) the bottleneck would shift from the Radio Access Network (RAN) to the backhaul; ii) control overhead, especially related to mobility management, would make the network col- lapse; iii) operational costs of the network would be unbearable due to energy consumption and maintenance/optimisation. In this paper, Software Defined Network (SDN) for mobile networks is claimed as the paradigm shift necessary to tackle adequately the above challenges. A novel architecture is proposed, which supports DenseNets made of overlapping LTE and WLAN cells connected to the core network via a reconfigurable backhaul.